Cocoa is essential to the economy of Ghana, and it is grown in large quantities. The cocoa business in Ghana employs roughly 800,000 agricultural families who are dispersed throughout six of the country’s 10 regions. The crop earns over $2 billion in foreign exchange every year and is a significant contribution to the government’s revenue and gross domestic product (GDP). Many Ghanaians consume cocoa goods, such as chocolate, pebbles, and cocoa powder, as well as cocoa powder.
In the early nineteenth century, Dutch missionaries brought the cocoa bean to Ghana, where it became popular as a recreational drug. Tetteh Quarshie, a Ghanaian blacksmith from the town of Osu, near Accra, is credited with popularizing the plant’s cultivation.
He resided and worked in Fernando Po (now Equatorial Guinea) for several years, and upon his return to Ghana in 1879, he carried with him the Amelonado cocoa pods, which he had discovered in the area. He created a farm at Akwapim Mampong in the Eastern Region, which became a nursery for all of Ghana’s pioneering cocoa producers once they learned their trade there. His most lasting impact is on the cocoa bean, which has grown to form the backbone of Ghana’s economy.
Following the arrival of Tetteh Quarshie, cocoa planting grew to commercial proportions and extended throughout Ghana’s forest regions, notably in the Eastern, Ashanti, Brong Ahafo, Volta, Central, and Western regions, among others. Cocoa pods develop and become ripe at various times throughout the year.
Cut the ripe pods from the trees and split them apart to collect the beans, which is how cocoa is harvested. The beans are fermented for 6 or 7 days with two or three turns before being dried in the sun for another 7 days to produce the final product. After that, the beans are packed, graded, and sealed in preparation for shipment.
What are the Functions of the Cocoabod?
After the government realized how important cocoa was to Ghana’s growth in 1947, the Cocoa Marketing Board (CMB) was set up as the main group that worked to help the industry grow.
The Ghana Cocoa Board (COCOBOD) is a government-controlled entity in Ghana that is in charge of determining the price at which cocoa is purchased in the country. The price-fixing system protects farmers from fluctuating prices in the global marketplace. Aside from selling higher-quality hybrid seeds, the group also does some research on illnesses that affect cocoa plants and other relevant issues.
A List of Cocoabod Branches in Ghana
The COCOBOD has six subsidiaries in Ghana, with each branch serving a particular function. Below are the COCOBOD branches in Ghana.
Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana
PO.Box 8 New Tafo-Akim. Eastern Region. Ghana
Seed Production Division
Swanzy Shopping Arcade, Accra.
Kwame Nkrumah Avenue,
Cocoa Health and Extension Division
Accra, P.O. Box 3197
Quality Control Company
Kwame Nkrumah Avenue, Accra, Ghana.
Cocoa Marketing Corporation
Kwame Nkrumah Ave., Accra