In Ghana, Fish farming has always been and will remain a very productive activity that many populations have relied upon.
Venturing into a tilapia fish farm is something most Ghanaians are eager to start considering how lucrative the business is. Sadly, this is not always easy as most farmers don’t put in more effort to learn this trade to guarantee them success. For you to shine in fish farming, there are certain things you need to know and do in fish farming in Ghana. This article will guide you all through to make Tilapia fish farming much easier.
In Ghana today, the support for fish farming is massive. The weather is awesome, the quality of water in Ghana is also good. Ghana has enough water to support the life of tilapia and other marine life. You have labourers surrounded everywhere. In Ghana, the Markets is not a challenge as most people in Ghana like quality protein food such as fish.
Tilapia Farming in Ghana
You can also regard fish farming as an aquaculture business. You run the aquaculture business with fresh water fishes inhabiting shallow streams, ponds, rivers, and lakes. These Tilapia fishes are the second most popular fishes widely used in cooking Ghanaian meals. There are increasingly becoming very important in aquaculture all over the world. these fishes grow so fast and can accommodate high stocking densities and poor water quality, these make them a lucrative breed for fish farmers to grow.
Starting A Fish Farm in Ghana
There are so many places you can gather information about fish farming out there. You can visit the fish farmers’ association, Ghana to know precisely what it requires to start a tilapia farm in Ghana. This association will also link you to fish farming companies in Ghana which undoubtedly, is a good place to start. Have you been searching the internet for ways to start tilapia fish farming in Ghana? Search no more as this is the right place for you to be at. As advised by experts in the industry, you should always start small, nurture and master your business as you acquire more knowledge and improve. You will have to make decisions all by yourself as a new farmer most in particularly if you are not in partnership. It is very important you learn everything you can about fish farming. You can easily get information from experts in the industry about tilapia farming in Ghana pdf resources. You can also Sign up for a fish farming class and even attend webinars to prepare yourself with knowledge. You need to know the following before starting a tilapia fish farming business.
1. Location of The Fish Farm
When choosing the location for your fish farm, you must to consider its proximity from the nearest town, the security in the vicinity, the presence or absence of fish prey, and more. Make certain the environment for growing your fish farm is perfect for your business to succeed.
2. Land size
It is very important you put into consideration the land size, you need to consider the size of the land you propose to use to expand your fish farming business. normally, you can start a fish farming business with a plot of land or two. But where you don’t have the luxury of land space, you can start out in your backyard, and grow from there. Buying the land to establish your fish farm should be done strategically. get a very reasonably priced property in a place close to a city but not too urban.
3. Pond Planning, Size, Design. Construction, And Consideration
It’s usually best to contact the services of an aquaculture consultant. They’d get your full requirements, examine your goals, determine what you truly need, and ensure the construction work
and general requirements of the fish ponds are properly met.
4. Water Supply Source
It’s important to have a proper borehole system built in the vicinity to ensure a reliable source of water supply. Be reminded that chemically treated water and rainwater are completely out of the option for fish farming process. They’re dangerous for the fishes, and cannot be recommended for standard use. In other for your pond to survive, get a steady flow of fresh water.
5. Storing Method
Ensure the feeds are stored in a cool and dry place. Also, ensure they’re not exposed to little farm
animals that could make holes in the bags and feed on them.
6. Knowledge of fish Farming
This is undoubtedly the most significant thing to know. You must have a comprehensive knowledge of how to run an aquaculture business. You should attend seminars, workshop, webinars on aquaculture, to help equip you about the fundamentals of fish farming.
Benefits of Fish Farming
Fish farming is a popular and profitable business widespread across different parts of Ghana. The constant demand for fishery products like Tilapia in Ghana has continuously independently promoted the growth and expansion of the industry.
1. Widespread Market
Aquaculture business has wider market potential in Ghana, Africa, and many other countries in the world. Apart from the statistic that fishery products are one of the most hunted and consumed agricultural products in Ghana, it is also low-priced than meat, making it a cost-effective meal when the buyer cannot meet the expense of buying meat.
An aquaculture farm is not expensive to run. the cost of starting up and running an aquaculture farm is relatively low compared to many other agricultural business ideas. For example, poultry farming, fish farming operational budget is lower because fish feed and running costs are cheaper.
3. Support from the government
The government is presently embarking on a large movement to encourage people to invest in agriculture with eye-catching capital incentives.
4. Great Protein source
Regardless of the financial benefits fish farming has, fishery products have been a protein source contributing its health benefits to the general public.
The Risks and Challenges of Fish Farming
1. Poor Farm Site
A poor fish farm location can impact negatively on the farm’s full potential for growth. Due to its difficult inaccessibility to a city area, sales may slow down drastically for the farm owner.
2. Poor Pond Planning and Design
A poorly planned fish farm can lead to leakages, disorganization and several other factors that eventually pile up unwanted expenses.
3. Inadequate Market Survey
You could be headed for failure, if you don’t do a proper feasibility study of the fish farming business by assessing the size of your potential market, the cost of farm products, etc.
The absence of experience can make you waste your whole investment on your fish farm.
5. Competition from Fisher Men
With lower costs of fishes being sold by fishermen, the revenues your fish farm generates could be negatively impacted.