The significance of television stations in Ghana cannot be overemphasized. Television sets are one of the most popular devices and broadcast media that are used for infotainment across the world. However, in the beginning, television was referred to as the ‘idiot box’ because back in those days It did not have as many valuable and informative channels as it does now.
It is worthwhile to check the complete list of authorized TV stations in Ghana.
Analog TV Stations in Ghana
GTV – State-owned national TV operated by Ghana Broadcasting Corporation.
Crystal TV – Ghana’s first private TV station
Kantan Ka TV
Digital TV Channels in Ghana
Satellite TV Channels in Ghana
Free To Air Channels on Satellite TVs or Decoders (MultiChoice)
ECN (DW TV)
Pan African TV
Cine Plus (Formerly Cine Afrik)
Galaxy TV (Nigeria)
Predominant channel type for television stations in Ghana
Most TV channels transmitted in Ghana are on VHF. Only a few are broadcasting on UHF channels. Meanwhile, the trend in TV broadcasts is drifting towards the use of more UHF channels because among other reasons, they are readily available and reliable.
However, the twist and advancements in technology make inventions easier to adopt. This makes most of the TV stations in Ghana make productive efforts in the switch to the UHF mode of broadcasting.
History of the existence of TV station groupings in Ghana
There has been a rapid increase in the number of TV stations in Ghana over the years. However, they vary largely in their method of transmission. In other words, while some of the broadcasting stations are Satellite Television, others are Digital or Analog channels.
Furthermore, based on the statistical record from the National Communications Authority (NCA), there are about 128 TV stations in Ghana.
Then out of the 128 authorized TV stations in Ghana, there is a grouping into the following categories;
21 stations of Analogue Terrestrial Television
1 station of Digital Terrestrial Pay Television (Service only)
5 stations of Digital Terrestrial Pay Television (Service and Frequency)
23 stations of Digital Terrestrial Free-To-Air Television Programme Channel (Nationwide Coverage)
4 stations of Digital Terrestrial Free-To-Air Television Programme Channel (Regional Coverage)
8 stations of Satellite Television Broadcasting (Pay TV Direct-To-Home Bouquet)
10 stations of Satellite Television Broadcasting (Free-To-Air Direct-To-Home Bouquet)
55 stations of Satellite Television Broadcasting (Free-To-Air Direct-To-Home Single Channel)
1 station of Digital Cable Television
Also, out of the 128 licensed TV stations in Ghana, 76 stations are broadcasted on air.
Meanwhile, you can also relate to how addictive Television devices can be especially when you have numerous interesting and captivating programs like KumKum Bagya on Adom and many more.
While you tune to Analog television Channels on an Analog TV system (Cathode Ray Tubes), digital Stations on the other hand can be viewed on Digital TVs (any of Led, Smart, and Plasma TVs).
However, you can also watch digital channels on Analog TVs when you combine it with a decoder – any good quality type of decoder would serve the purpose.
Also, Satellite TV Stations can be watched on Satellite TVs (Led, Smart, and Plasma TVs). In this case, before you purchase any Plasma or Led TVs of your choice, ensure to verify their capacity to support Satellite channels; not all of them can enable you to watch Satellite Channels.
The relevance of television channels in Ghana to Social growth
Communication is well regarded as a core component of human existence. Although the interaction was established in an archaic method amongst humans in the earlier years before technology.
Did you experience those olden days’ methods of communication or was it narrated to you?
Emphatically, talking drums and town criers with groups were the prominent methods of communication tools.
Unsurprisingly, the scope and coverage extent of those means of communication was limited and could not enhance any developmental change in the country.
However, the invention of the Television device was able to spur remarkable growth in the communication sector of the country. And those developmental transformations cannot be overemphasized.
How well do you know that Television is one of the engines that propel social development for its continuity?
Television channels in Ghana can boost social resourcefulness through Informing, entertaining, and persuading.
Furthermore, Television is a powerful and enhancing tool for social wellness in any society. Also, it can be emphasized in its entirety as an agent of social change, a reflector of enriched values, and as a reinforcer of the dominant culture.
In other words, it projects the social norms on how infants, adolescents, women, etc are expected to behave and further develop.
Television stations in Ghana trigger socialization in the country. However, socialization is a process whereby individuals are well informed of behaviors that are expected of them with regard to the norms, beliefs, attitudes, and values of the society in which they live.
Transmission of such socialization concepts helps the individual face the realities of life, people get to acknowledge and cherish their respective cultural practices.
Meanwhile, the socialization agencies are the social institutions involved in making sure the norms and values of the society are well rooted in people’s lives.
In conclusion, the Television stations in Ghana have an impeccable role to play in every community to harness the communication effectiveness f the system.
They control, inform, educate and entertain the people. The Television stations in Ghana oversee the implementation of norms, ensure social controls are exerted and roles are appropriately allocated.