Snail Farming In Ghana: How To Get Started (2023)

It is not out of point to include snail farming in Ghana as one of the most lucrative agricultural business that you can venture with very small capital. But yet, snail farming is one of the most disregarded animal rearing business in Ghana and other African Countries. Snail farming, within a short period of time, can generate you lots of income if taken seriously.

The big question now is, why are Ghanaians still wallowing in poverty with this kind of opportunity right in front of them? In my opinion, I will say its negligence.

Snail farming techniques in Ghana – how to start

snail farming in Ghana

Surprisingly snails are a favorite delicacy for some people. They are not only rich in nutrients but also excellent when it comes to cosmetics and beauty. Unfortunately, despite being a relish for many, they are not always affordable or available all year round. This means therefore that any person that ventures into this low-risk business is guaranteed sure profits as the market cannot be exhausted even if one tries. The following pointers will come in handy when venturing into this type of farming. People rear snails in different ways but most people choose to build a space that provides all snails need to thrive.

Snail Farming in Ghana: Getting It Right

Snail farming requires very little effort to succeed and it is a lucrative business venture.  follow these steps to make your work much easier.

  • The first requirement is choosing an environment that is free from wind to avoid dehydration
  • Select soil that is rich in water and calcium. Loamy soil preferably.
  • To have the upper hand, ensure you learn all you need to know. Link with snail farmer’s association in Ghana to benefit.
  • market feasibility studies should be conducted
  • your snail farm should have high humus content
  • you should have a business plan for the project
  • make available the best snails according to your market survey
  • Feed the snails well

Types of Snails Reared in Ghana

There are three major types of snails used in Snail Rearing in Ghana.

1. Achatina Marginata (AM)

Achatina Marginata snail is the biggest among the three species, and it sells very fast in the market. This is a land snail.  The Shell of this snail is not sharp, and less pointed at the tail end but round. The fleshy part is usually dark brown in color. Achatina Marginata is the most preferred in Ghana. The market acceptability is more than the other two species.

2. Achatina Achatina (AA)

Achatina Achatina is popularly known as the Giant Ghana snail or Giant tiger land snail, this is because It has a tiger patterned shell. It survives in a more humid environment. Achatina Achatina is the most preferred by farmers because it grows so big to become the biggest snail species in the world. they have both the female and male reproductive organs.

3. Achatina Fulica (AF)

The Achatina Fulica snail is also known as the Garden Snail. This particular species is the smallest in size among other species for snail rearing in Ghana. They tend to have little market patronage in Ghana because of their small sizes.

 Snails Food

The snail is a voracious eater despite its sluggish nature. Snails eat fruits, cabbage, microscopic algae and moist leaves like banana or plantain leaves or lettuce.

Snails eat lettuce and most vegetables we consume; they can also eat carrots, mangoes, and apples. Generally, Snails prefer eating living plants.

Other essential food sources to feed your land snail include flowers, algae and the bark of trees decaying leaves. Snails also vigorously seek calcium because it is an important ingredient that helps build their shells and proper egg distribution. they drink water too so farmers should make available a source of water that is easily reachable.

Benefits of Snail Farming in Ghana

  • It is very stress-free to run.
  • It is very productive and cost-effective.
  • It is responsive to the environment.
  • They are profitable.
  • Snails have less fat and cholesterol.
  • they are used for health-related products and are Highly medicinal.
  • snails have traditional healing benefits.
  • it is a very good export opportunity.
  • They contain nutrients like iron, vitamin A, calcium, magnesium and has very low fat

Snail farming for business

snail business has finally been accepted as a venture that one can pursue commercially with the large market and demand for snails. there are certain things you must understand If this is the direction you want to take, then. First, you need to know how to build a snail farm. you can choose to visit practicing snail farmers in your location to learn more about this type of farming or explore the internet for a comprehensive snail farm kit and guide.

Compare to other Animal rearing businesses, Snail farming in Ghana requires low capital and the working capital will probably be little. snail farming business in Ghana, therefore, is a type of agricultural project that if one invests in it wisely, would make lots of profits. Snail demand is very high in Ghana as such the market potential of snail is inexhaustible.


The business of Snail farming can earn you lots of money because snails multiply speedily under favorable conditions. Before starting the snail business, try to visit a snail farm and make thorough research to avoid mistakes. read many instructional materials to get a wider idea.

Snails are also prone to sickness and diseases because they are living things. So, it is better to start small and learn the business while going about other things.

in some African countries, the thought of keeping snails for any reason is not very common, particularly where people are used to picking them from the forests. However, there are people who have chosen to make money from this uncommon but fast-picking venture of snail rearing. The snail farming business is lucrative and its profits are massive.

Read on other Farming Businesses in Ghana

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